Water Management in India
Enhanced management practices can reduce the problem of water scarcity in India. This region has experienced inadequate water due to absence of water legislation and conservation (World Bank Report, 2005). Water has been perceived as a natural resource, which should not be managed. With decentralization, water can be controlled by ensuring that all regions are adequately supplied. Despite economic developments and food security, inadequate water greatly affects these plans. Indian law needs to exercise legislation on ground water to control industries, farmers and homeowners. This legislation will also ensure that available electricity and pumps do not trigger depletion of aquifers (Cambridge University Press, 2007). The law will also control the present 20 million wells and manage the issue of more drilling of boreholes and wells. This legislation will ensure landowners pay some amount for recycling and water conservation. This law will additionally ensure that the more water is supplied, the more it can be generated.
(Often Parched, India Struggles to Tap the Monsoon: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/01/world/asia/01india.html?sq=&_r=0)
Water can also be stored and delivered to the citizens as supply shrinks (Somini, 2006). Temple tanks and steep wells can be used for storage. This application has enabled China to store five times as much water for an individual. The Indian government asserts that only one in every ten citizens may lack water. The government however fails to note that the distributed water is usually polluted by the time it is available to the consumers.
Due to infrastructure challenges, the distributed water in major towns like New Delhi cannot reach the consumers. Out of 30 million cubic meters of water supplied daily, only 17 million cubic meters reach urban consumers in this region (Somini, 2006). The government needs to maintain canals and pipes to reduce at least 40% of the leakages. Tankers can only be employed in case of emergencies as they offer questionable quality and at high costs.
Water is one of the major natural resource whose absence greatly affects the well-being of the Indians (Global Envision, 2007). Water scarcity has resulted to major disease outbreaks like cholera and diarrhea. India as one of nations with high population has been experiencing clean water challenges in the previous past. In as much as India is a developing nation, water as a natural resource can be managed and used to produce more water. This can be through government legislation and management of the resource. It is necessary for the locals to change their attitudes towards water management and conservation for proper management of the resource.
World Bank Report, 2005. India’s Water Economy: Bracing for a Turbulent Future. Available at: India’s Water Economy: Bracing for a Turbulent Future (Accessed: 8 January 2016). Cambridge University Press, 2007.The Physical Science Basis. Available at: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_ipcc_fourth (Accessed: 8 January 2016).
Somini Sengupta, 2006. Often Parched, India Struggles to Tap the Monsoon. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/01/world/asia/01india.html?sq=&_r=0 (Accessed: 8 January 2016).
Global Envision, 2007.Running on Empty. Available at: http://www.globalenvision.org/library/1/1685 (Accessed: 8 January 2016).