#ENVS2004 The issue of Dirty Water in India (3)

Demand of water in India

As one of the countries with high population, demand of water in this region is quite soaring. More than 800 (bcm) of water has been used for domestic, agricultural and industrial in India annually. This demand is increase to above 1.4 trillion cubic meters by 2050 (Somini, 2006).

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(Water demand by sector: http://www.arlingtoninstitute.org/wbp/global-water-crisis/606)

The high population in India requires huge quantities of drinking water, between the urban and the rural populations, which is approximately 6% of the intact demand. Urbanites have a higher demand than the rural residents owing to facilities like washing machines. This category represents above 30% of the total population, whose demand is expected to replicate in the next 30 years. Population growth is approximated to increase the demand for water mainly because majority of the people are expected to move to the city and increase the social class.

As the government is failing to treat polluted rivers, most of the urbanites are resorting to drill underground water, which is also a major cause of depletion of underground waters (Sakthivadivel, 2007). This problem is to affect rural dwellers as 30% of the population in 35 states is lacking safe drinking water. The major need for water for rural residents is for agriculture as the domestic demand is minimal. Agriculture remains to be the major economic sustenance in India despite industrial growth. After 1967, most of the Indians resorted to double cropping with application of improved seeds. Farmers have highly profited but the demand for water has intensified as agricultural production has likewise led to water shortage in the rural region. Water is besides an important element in the manufacturing and textile machines. Their demands have been met by the sourcing of underground water. After meeting their demands, the same water is used to pollute available water in the rivers through disposal.

 

References List:

Somini Sengupta, 2006. In Teeming India, Water Crisis Means Dry Pipes and Foul Sludge. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/29/world/asia/29water.html?ref=bottledwater (Accessed: 21 December 2015).

Sakthivadivel, S., 2007. The Groundwater Recharge Movement in India.” The Agricultural Groundwater Revolution: Opportunities and Threats. (3nd edition). CABI, Colombo.

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