#ENVS2004 The issue of Dirty Water in India (2)

Major water Crisis in India

Worldwide, water shortages are daily experienced by at least two billion people. India having a larger population worldwide has a high water demand, which keep increasing at an alarming rate even as the water supply keeps reducing due to mismanagement of the water resources (Sylvester, 1991). Additional contributors to the problem include toxic wastes and over-pumping.

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(Sewage pipes directly releasing the waste into a water body in India

http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2012/01/05/india-the-cost-of-bad-water/)

Climate variation has further resulted to unpredictable and erratic weather. This is to further affect the amount of rainwater from rainfall and glaciers. The result of reduced water will affect the availability of food, international conflict and intrastate.

Water problem is a human source as India neither has a dry region nor rivers and groundwater resources (Jeyaratnam, 1985). The major contributions to this problem are corruption within the government, human and industrial waste disposal in the water, poor water management, and unclear laws regarding water. These factors have resulted to the available water becoming polluted and balancing between the affluent and the poor, the urban and the rural becoming a great challenge. This water problem in India can be overcome by changing the actions and attitudes of the residents. Instead of relying on municipal water, residents can initiate conservation methods of water during the rainy seasons. Legislators ought to clarify laws concerning water management (World Bank Report, 2005). The government through the management authorities ought to device water recycling and efficiency methods and modify individual’s attitude. Rather than perceiving water as unlimited, management needs to be exercised on water as a scarce product and a right. Decentralization of the sector ought to be developed for the local municipal council to assume control of water in their region.

 

References List:

Igbedioh Sylvester, 1991.“Effects of Agricultural Pesticides on Humans, Animals and Higher Plants in Developing Countries.” Archives of Environmental Health.

World Bank Report, 2005. India’s Water Economy: Bracing for a Turbulent Future. Available at: India’s Water Economy: Bracing for a Turbulent Future (Accessed: (6 December 2015).

Jeyaratnam, 1985.Health Problems of Pesticide Usage in the Third World. Available at: http://oem.bmj.com/cgi/reprintframed/42/8/505 (6 December 2015).

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