#ENVS2004 The Issue Of Dirty Water In India

Water is the major component of the living things in the world. (Hatnagar, 1999) observes that scarcity of water has resulted to major disease outbreaks such as cholera and diarrhea. India as a nation with high population experiences clean water challenges. This study focuses on the challenge of dirty water in India. Dangerous bacteria contaminate more than half of the rural area water where 70% of the population resides The Globalist, 2014). This has resulted to more than 600,000 lose of children lives annually.

The cost of dirty water in India

Most of the available water is unsafe for drinking directly from the tap (Bradlow, 1958). This is because the circulated water has been polluted by human waste. Pouring of human wastes from the sewage pipes has polluted the major river, Ganges (Morrison, 2012).

11

(Water pumping station and a sewage outlet within the Ganges River http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2012/01/05/india-the-cost-of-bad-water/)

Individuals have to ensure that they treat the available water as it is usually contaminated. Despite this, residents have assumed this role for their own safety. Circulated dirty water has been attributed as the major cause of premature deaths among children. Cheap ways of treating water at home have been through boiling and filtration. Effects of assuming government’s role is experienced in the number of lost working hours and academic hours and the cost of individual treatment of water. Much is lost when the residents have to take time out of school and official duties to seek for proper medication due to sicknesses (Davis et al., 1995). The cost of accessing and treating water falls on the individuals as a forced consumption. This cost can be directed to sectors like education and health. The cost of individual management of water surpasses the cost the government could have incurred in treating water before delivering it to households. This government cost is far much cheaper than the cost residents have to use in seeking for healthcare in the management of waterborne diseases (Subramanian, 2001).

Numerous approaches are available in treating water for drinking. Among them is the household filtration by Tata Swach (Itteko, 1999). This process incorporates the cheap carbon derived out of burnt rice husks and silver nano-particles. The process is confirmed to destroy fatal microbes like rotavirus and E coli (Gupta et al., 2008) No need to use running water and electricity in this process as the filter bulb stops the flow of water immediately carbon is exhausted. This process is quite affordable as it costs at most $20 whereas the filter replacements go for at around $7. Through this process, more lives of the children can be saved and thus the high death rate of half a million children dying annually will be managed. More companies have adopted this process due to its cost-savings qualities.

Reference List:

Saiyed, Hatnagar, 1999-2003. Impact of Pesticide Use in India Electronic Journals: Asia Pacific Newsletter. Available at: http://www.ttl.fi/Internet/ Eng-lish/Infotion/Electronic+journals/Asian Pacific+News- let-ter/1999-03/05.html (Accessed: 6 December 2015).

The Globalist, 2014. India’s Water Crisis. Available at: http://www.theglobalist.com/just-facts-indias-water-crisis/ (Accessed: 6 December 2015).

Khurana, Indira, and Sen, Romit. Drinking Water quality in rural India: issues and approaches. Available at: http://www.wateraid.org/~/media/Publications/drinking-water-quality-rural-india.pdf (Accessed: 28 December 2015).

Morrison Dan, 2012. India: The cost of bad water.” National Geographic. Available at: http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2012/01/05/india-the-cost-of-bad-water/ (Accessed: 6 December 2015).

Davis, G. Lin,  Sepkovic R. Tiwari. 1995. Effects of Pesticides on the Ratio of 16 Al-pha/2-Hydroxyestrone: A Biologic Marker of Breast Cancer Risk. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Madhavan, Subramanian, 2001. Fluoride concentration in river waters in South Asia. Available at: http://www.academia.edu/6435293/Fluoride_concentration_in_river_waters_of_south_Asia (Accessed: 6 December 2015).

Silva, I. 1999. Status of water quality in Sri Lanka. In: Recent trends in Environmental Biogeochemistry. University of Hamnburg, Germany.

Gupta, Rai and Pandey Sharma, 2008. Analysis of some Heavy Metals in Riverine Water, Sedimentsand Fish from River Ganges at Allahabad. Available at: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10661-008-05474 (Accessed: 6 December 2015).